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Grammar: Pronouns

  1. Personal pronouns
  2. Possessive pronouns
  3. Demonstratives
  4. Interrogatives
  5. Indefinite pronouns

Personal pronouns

Informal 粤

Singular Plural
ngó̲ I 我哋 ngó̲.de̲i we
né̲i you 你哋 né̲i.de̲i you
ké̲ui he, she 佢哋 ké̲ui.de̲i they
she
(unofficial)

Formal (Mandarin) 普

Singular Plural
Simp. Trad. Simp. Trad.
ngó̲ I 我們 我們 ngó̲.mù̲n we
né̲i you 你们 你們 né̲i.mù̲n you
you
(formal)
ta he 他们 他們 ta.mù̲n they
she 她们 她們 they
(female)
it
(animals)
它们 牠們 they
(animals)
it
(things)
它們 they
(things)

Possessive pronouns

Possessive pronouns are created by adding the attributive particle to the personal pronoun.

ge 粤(attributive particle)
dīk 普(attributive particle)
né̲i ge syūyour book
我哋學校ngó̲.de̲i ge ho̲k.ha̲auour school

For close things and people (like relatives) the particle is omitted.

我家ngó̲ gāmy family
佢媽媽ké̲ui mā⁴.māhis/her mother

In Cantonese, you can also use a measure word instead of .

né̲i bún syūyour book
né̲i syūyour books

Demonstratives

Proximal Distal
呢個 nī.go 粤 this 嗰個 gó.go 粤 that
這個 jé.go 普 那個 ná̲.go 普
呢啲 nī.dī 粤 these 嗰啲 gó.dī 粤 those
這些 jé.sē 普 那些 ná̲.sē 普
呢度 nī.do̲u 粤 here 嗰度 gó.do̲u 粤 there
這裡 jé.lé̲ui 普 那裡 ná̲.lé̲ui 普

Interrogatives


Indefinite pronouns