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Grammar: Location

  1. Pronouns
  2. Coverbs
  3. Postpositions

Pronouns

Cantonese 粤

邊度bīn.do̲uwhere
邊處bīn.syuwhere
呢度nī.do̲uhere
呢處nī.syuhere
嗰度gó.do̲uthere
嗰處gó.syuthere
度度do̲u.do̲ueverywhere

Mandarin 普

哪裡ná̲.lé̲uiwhere
這裡jé.lé̲uihere
那裡ná̲.lé̲uithere
到處dou.chyueverywhere


Coverbs

Place

jo̲i 普to be located at
hái 粤to be located at
離…近lè̲i ... ga̲nto be close to ...
離…遠lè̲i ... yú̲nto be far away from ...

Direction

PrepositionVerb
chù̲ng 普from
yà̲u 粤from
doutoto arrive
chì̲u 普towardsto face
wó̲ng 普towardsto go
deui 粤towardsto turn towards
heungtowardsto turn towards
經過gīng.gwovia, throughto pass
通過tūng.gwo 普via, throughto pass
透過tau.gwo 粤via, throughto pass

Postpositions

Basic postpositions
1
2
lé̲uiin, inside
no̲iinside
ya̲p 粤inside
ngo̲ioutside
se̲ungon, over, on top
ha̲under, at the bottom
deuiopposite to
chì̲nin front of, in the front
ha̲ubehind, on the back
pò̲ngnext to, on the side
left to, on the left side
ya̲uright to, on the right side
普on this side, here
粤on this side, here
ná̲ 普on the other side, there
粤on the other side, there
dūngon the east to, east side
nà̲amon the south to, south side
西sāion the west to, west side
bākon the north to, north side
Suffixes
none…面…便…邊
~mi̲n~bi̲n 粤 ︱ ~bīn 国
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附近fu̲.ga̲nnear, nearby
jūng(.gāan)in the middle/center
…和…之間... wò̲ ... jī.gāan 普between ... and ...
…和…之間... tù̲ng ... jī.gāan 粤between ... and ...
…和…中間... wò̲ ... jūng.gāan 普between ... and ...
…和…中間... tù̲ng ... jūng.gāan 粤between ... and ...