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Grammar: Conjunctions

  1. Basic
  2. Contrast
  3. Reason
  4. Case
  5. Time

Basic

wò̲ 普and, with (nouns)
tù̲ng 粤and, with (nouns)
又…又…ya̲u ... ya̲u ...and (verbs, adjectives)
或者wa̲ak.jéor, and ... respectively
還是wà̲an.si̲ 普either ... or ...
定係di̲ng.ha̲i 粤either ... or ...
還有wà̲an.yá̲u 普in addition, furthermore
重有ju̲ng.yá̲u 粤in addition, furthermore
除了chè̲ui.lí̲u 普besides, except
除咗chè̲ui.jó 粤besides, except
不是……而是……bāt.si̲ ... yì̲.si̲ ... 普not ... but ...
唔係……而係……m̲̀.ha̲i ... yì̲.ha̲i ... 粤not ... but ...
不但……而且……bāt.da̲an ... yì̲.ché ... 普not only ... but also ...
唔止……重……m̲̀.jí ... ju̲ng ... 粤not only ... but also ...

Contrast

雖然sēui.yì̲nalthough, even though
但是da̲an.si̲ 普but, however
但係da̲an.ha̲i 粤but, however
不過bāt.gwoonly, but, anyway

Reason

為了wa̲i.lí̲u 普in order to
為咗wa̲i.jó 粤in order to
因為yān.wa̲ibecause, because of
事關si̲.gwāan 粤because, because of
所以só.yí̲therefore, so
因此yān.cítherefore, thus

Case

如果 yù̲.gwóif
是否si̲.fáu 普whether
係唔係ha̲i.m̲̀.ha̲i 粤whether
ná̲ 普then, in that case
gám 粤then, in that case
要不yiu.bāt 普otherwise, else
唔係m̲̀.ha̲i 粤otherwise, else
……的話dīk wa̲ 普(subjunctive mood)
……嘅話ge wa̲ 粤(subjunctive mood)

Time

……的時候dīk sì̲.ha̲u 普when, while
……嘅時候ge sì̲.ha̲u 粤when, while
一邊……一邊yāt.bīn ... yāt.bīn ...... while ...
(two actions at the same time)
一路……一路yāt.lo̲u ... yāt.lo̲u ... 粤... while ...
(two actions at the same time)
一……就……yāt ... ja̲u ...as soon as (once) ..., ...